Everything You Need To Know About Kidney Transplant Treatment

A kidney transplant is a procedure in which a new donor kidney is placed in the body. This is generally performed to treat kidney failure. When attached, the new kidney will begin to do the work of the failing organ. A kidney transplant could be an option if the kidneys have been completely damaged. Here, we will learn everything about kidney transplant, such as what is kidney transplant, how to prepare for kidney transplant, what is the cost of kidney transplant in India, which are the best hospitals for kidney transplant in India, who are the best doctors for kidney transplant in India, and what are the complications for kidney transplant.

Dr. Mohammad Afzal Siddiqui

Review By Dr. Mohammad Afzal Siddiqui
Award-winning CEO of Marlin Medical Assistance Pvt. Ltd

Mar 4, 2024

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Table Of Index

What is kidney transplant?

What is kidney transplant?

A kidney transplant is a medical procedure where a healthy kidney is transplanted into the patient with end-stage renal disease or acute kidney failure. The healthy kidney might be taken from a healthy, living donor who is a compatible match for the recipient. This is called a living donation. If the kidney is transplanted from a deceased person into a patient requiring transplant, it is called a deceased donation. A kidney transplant could be a suitable option in case the kidneys have been completely damaged. End-stage kidney disease or end-stage renal disease is the term used for this ailment. If a person is suffering from such condition, the doctor may suggest dialysis. They will then evaluate your medical reports to find whether the patient is a suitable candidate for kidney transplantation in addition to performing dialysis. A suitable candidate is one who is healthy enough to undergo major surgery. A kidney transplant could be risky if an individual has a major underlying medical condition.

Causes and Symptoms

Causes

  • High blood pressure
  • Cancer
  • Strep infection
  • Vasculitis
  • Obesity
  • Smoking

Symptoms

  • Urinating more often or less often than usual
  • Fatigue and tiredness
  • Dry and/or itchy skin
  • Nausea
  • Loss of appetite
  • Unintended weight loss

Diagnosis

If your doctor suspects the presence of any kidney disease, a series of diagnostic tests will be conducted, including:

1. Urine Test:
   Procedure: You will be asked to provide a urine sample for analysis.
   Purpose: Detection of excessive protein in the urine, a key indicator of potential kidney issues.

2. Blood Test:
   Procedure: Lab work will be ordered to examine creatinine levels in your blood.
   Purpose: Elevated creatinine levels may signify impaired kidney function, as the kidneys struggle to filter creatinine from the blood effectively.

3. Imaging Tests:
   Options: Depending on the case, your doctor may recommend ultrasound or MRI imaging tests.
   Purpose: To gain a detailed visual insight into the inteal structures of the kidneys, helping identify abnormalities.

4. Kidney Biopsy:
   Consideration: Not all cases require a biopsy, but certain conditions like glomerulonephritis or kidney cancer might warrant it.
   Procedure: A biopsy involves obtaining a small tissue sample from the kidney for closer examination.
   Purpose: To provide your doctor with a more comprehensive understanding of the cellular changes occurring in the kidneys and aid in accurate diagnosis.

Risk & Complications

Acute Tubular Necrosis: Sometimes, the kidney may have delayed function after the transplant. This problem is known as delayed graft function, which could occur due to factors related to the donor such as low blood pressure during the surgery.

Primary Non-Function: Primary non-function occurs when the transplanted kidney never begins working. However, this is rare, it can happen. 

Infection: Infection is a common risk to transplant recipients. Immunosuppressive medications taken to prevent rejection can increase the risk for infections. You will be given antibiotics to prevent any infection for the first three to six months after the transplant.

Dehydration: A dialysis patient is generally asked to avoid extra fluid. When you have the functioning kidney, less intake of fluid may cause dehydration.

Leakage of urine: An incision is made in bladder to fix it with the ureter. In case the bladder becomes  full before the incision of the bladder heals, the ureter may detach from the bladder and urine could leak out.

Preparation of Treatment

To get a kidney from an organ donor, there are a couple of things you need to follow to prepare yourself for the surgery. You need to undergo a series of evaluation process such as mental health evaluation and diagnostic tests. One of the most important aspects of getting ready for a kidney transplant is finding a suitable donor. Making a few lifestyle adjustments before the surgery can help in the transplantation process's effectiveness. You will have to make certain lifestyle changes. The changes may be quitting smoking, following an appropriate diet, and regularly working out to maintain good health. A well-rounded diet with fresh fruits and vegetables, lean protein and whole grains is recommended for your surgery.

Best Doctors for Kidney Transplant Treatment

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Dr. Jayant Kumar Hota
22+ Yrs. Exp.MBBS, MD, DM (Nephrology)Nephrologist and Renal specialist

Best Hospitals for Kidney Transplant Treatment

Metro Hospital, Faridabad
Metro Hospital, Faridabad
Metro Hospital, Faridabad

Metro Hospital, Faridabad Metro Heart Institute with Multispeciality Sector 16 A, Faridabad (NCR) – 121002. India

Treatment Option

Living Donor Kidney Transplant: A living donor transplant is a surgical procedure in which a healthy kidney is removed from a healthy person and placed in an individual suffering from kidney failure. The living donor can be an immediate family member, such as sibling, parent, or child. A living donor may also be an aunt, cousin, uncle, or even a spouse and friend. A living donor kidney can also come from strangers or anyone who wants to help an individual in need of a kidney.

Deceased Donor Kidney Transplant: A deceased donor is a person who has recently died due to causes not affecting the kidney intended for a transplant. Deceased donor organs generally come from individuals who have decided to donate their kidney after death by signing organ donor cards. Permission for donation can be given by the family of the deceased person.

Cost of the treatment

Cost of kidney transplant

The kidney transplant cost in India ranges from $9,000 to $15,000. However, the cost may be up to $20,448 if you undergo minimally invasive surgery. Kidney transplant in India offer excellent quality and care at much lower cost compared to other countries. The cost of kidney transplant in India may vary from person depending on a number of factors such as severity of the patient’s condition, availability of the donor, clinical infrastructure of the hospital, type of transplant required, duration of hospital stay, diagnostic tests, and expertise and fees of the surgeon.

Recovery

Recovery after kidney transplant

Kidney transplant patients generally can resume normal activities in four to eight weeks. It is crucial to strictly follow some instructions given by the doctor for speedy recovery. You should avoid strenuous physical work and lifting heavy objects for around 6-8 weeks after surgery. You need to avoid driving for nearly six weeks after the transplant. Always plan ahead so a family member or friend could help out during this time. The doctor will recommend doing stretching exercises and walking. Some other excellent exercises may include bicycling, tennis, jogging, hiking, golf, swimming and aerobics. You must also avoid contact sports as they may cause injury to the transplanted kidney. For speedy recovery, you should stay hydrated, avoid eating raw or undercooked foods, have plenty of protein in the diet, refrain from grapefruit and grapefruit juices, and stay away from nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

Recovery
Dr. Mohammad Afzal Siddiqui

Written by

Dr. Mohammad Afzal Siddiqui

Award-winning CEO of Marlin Medical Assistance Pvt. Ltd

Dr. Mohammad Afzal Siddiqui is an award-winning CEO of Marlin Medical Assistance Pvt. Ltd., a professionally managed medical tourism holding company and the active Director of Alshifa Healthcare Services Pvt. Ltd., a full-service medical tourism aggregation agency servicing JCI and NABH/ NABL accredited Hospitals across the country’s 5 locations.

In addition to Marlin, Alshifa also includes Media Group, which houses Arabic Medical Tourism e-Magazine healthandtour.com. The E-magazine “مجلة الصحة والسياحة” provides a wide scope of medical tourism information to healthcare travellers to find a safe, effective and cost-saving solution for their medical and healthcare needs. In addition to running E-Magazine, Dr. Mohammad Afzal also serves as Delhi-state coordinator in Foundation of Healthcare and Wellness Promotion focused on bringing India’s Healthcare closer to the world and smoothen world’s access to Indian Healthcare.

Frequently Asked Questions About Kidney Transplant

Dialysis is a life-saving treatment, but it does just 10% of the work of a functioning kidney. Dialysis may also lead to other health problems. Patients may live 10-15 years longer with a kidney transplant than they do when on dialysis. Kidney transplantation also offers a better quality of life.

You will have to go through a proper evaluation by nephrologist and urologist to determine if transplantation is the suitable option for you. Being a good candidate for the surgery will depend on your emotional well-being, physical fitness, and ability to manage care plans.

The wait for a deceased donor kidney may be several years. There is no surety when a deceased donor kidney would be available. Patients might have to wait for many years for a deceased donor kidney, during which their health may degrade further. Due to this reason, patients are advised to consider talking to family members and others for living kidney donation.

Any healthy individual over age 18 with a compatible blood type and HLA tissue typing might be considered as a potential donor. However, people with some medical conditions might not be considered for donation. The transplant team will closely evaluate all these conditions.

You must not smoke after kidney transplant to extend the life of the transplanted kidney. The transplant team would tell you when you can start driving again, return to school or work, and travel. You can also decide as to when to resume sexual activities based on how you feel.
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