Table Of Index
What is brain tumor?
A brain tumor refers to an uncontrolled growth of cells in the brain resulting in the formation of a mass or lump in or around it. This mass formation in the brain affects the organ’s functioning and might be life-threatening. The chance of a person having a brain tumor throughout their life is less than 1%. Brain tumor is one of the most common central nervous system tumors. Malignant tumors may spread aggressively to distant locations of the body. A benign tumor is less harmful compared to malignant ones. A brain tumor that develops in brain cells is called primary brain tumors. If left untreated, brain tumors can either damage tissues or lead to problems in other parts of the body due to the pressure the tumor exerts on the brain.
Types of brain tumor
Astrocytomas: They generally develop in the largest part of the brain. These begin in a common type of star-shaped cell. They can cause seizures and changes in behavior.
Ependymomas: This is a rare type of brain cancer that forms in the brain or spinal cord. It begins in cells that cover the fluid-filled spaces in the brain and in the canal which supports the spinal cord and cerebrospinal fluid. These might be fast-growing or slow-growing.
Meningiomas: They are common primary brain tumors in adults and likely to happen in people aged over 70. They begin in the lining of the brain called meninges.
Oligodendrogliomas: These form in the cells which line the protective covering of nerves. These are generally grade 1, 2, or 3. Oligodendrogliomas typically grow slowly and do not spread.
Causes and Symptoms
MRI scan: This is one of the best tests for diagnosing tumors. The images produced are more detailed.
Imaging test: The test uses radioactive substances or x-rays to produce pictures of the brain. Test results show a brain tumor of present in almost all cases.
PET scan: A PET scan makes use of a special camera to produce an image of the areas of radioactivity in the body. This test is generally helpful for a fast-growing tumor than for slow-growing tumors.
CT scan: CT scans use x-rays to create detailed cross-sectional images of your brain. This test is usually recommended when MRI isn’t an option.
Risk & Complications
Brain tumors pose multifaceted risks and complications, including increased intracranial pressure causing headaches and nausea, potentially leading to life-threatening heiation. Tumor location may result in neurological deficits, seizures, and cognitive impairments, affecting memory and concentration. Frontal lobe involvement can induce personality changes, while hydrocephalus may require surgical intervention. Some tumors transform malignantly, complicating treatment. Surgical removal involves infection and bleeding risks. Radiation and chemotherapy can cause fatigue and susceptibility to infections. Recurrence risk persists post-treatment, necessitating ongoing monitoring.
Preparation of Treatment
Follow healthy diet and nutrition: A healthy diet is crucial for maintaining brain health. Eating brain-boosting foods can provide essential nutrients as well as antioxidants. These include whole grains, fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, as well as foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids. Avoid processed and sugary foods.
Make lifestyle modification: Regular exercise has several benefits for brain health. Doing physical activities like jogging, walking, or cycling can improve blood flow to your brain and reduce the risk of tumors. Maintaining an optimum weight via regular exercise and a balanced diet is also essential.
Check environmental factors: Minimizing exposures to the environmental toxins may help cut the risk of brain tumor. This includes limiting exposure to chemicals like pesticides and solvents and ensuring good ventilation in working spaces.
Quit smoking and alcohol: Excessive alcohol consumption and smoking tobacco have been associated with an increased risk of various cancers, including brain tumor. Moderating alcohol consumption and quitting smoking are some steps towards cutting this risk.
Limit radiation exposure: Both ionizing as well as non-ionizing radiation might raise the risk of brain tumors. You should minimise unnecessary exposure to radiation sources like medical imaging tests.
Surgery: Surgery is the generally the first treatment for most brain tumors. Prior to surgery, the patient should discuss the treatment plan and respective complication as well as side effect of surgery. Now neurosurgeons use neuronavigation for precision of surgery. They make very small incision instead of opening the large skull.
Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy destroys brain tumor cells using gamma rays, high-energy x-rays, or protons. Radiation therapy generally follows surgery and biopsy. The radiation kills tumor cells which may remain in the area.
Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy uses drugs to kill cancer cells to treat brain tumors. Drugs is given by mouth or intravenous or via wafers that are inserted in the brain. Chemotherapy could also be given during or after radiation therapy. The strong drugs then go to the bloodstream and travel in the body.
Cost of the treatment
Cost of brain tumor treatment
The maximum estimate of brain tumor surgery cost in India is around $5,632. Brain tumor treatment in India may vary mildly depending on different factors such as type of surgery, age of the patient, technology used, surgical complications and many more. However, the average cost of brain tumor surgery in India would be much affordable compared to other countries such as the US, UK, UAE, Israel, Turkey, etc. A large number of inteational patients travel to India to seek brain tumor treatment.
Recovery after brain tumor treatment
Your recovery time may vary based on the type of brain surgery chosen. It may take a few weeks to recover after a less invasive brain surgery. The recovery time can range six weeks to several months for open brain surgery. Your surgeon will give you a time estimate of when you will expect to feel better. Talk to your doctor about when you can retu to work and normal activities. It is important to go for your follow-up appointments following surgery. You might need some imaging tests to check your healing progress. Many people who undergo brain surgery may also need some type of rehabilitation. Fully recovery from brain surgery can take 4–12 weeks. However, some individuals may take more time for recovery.
Award-winning CEO of Marlin Medical Assistance Pvt. Ltd
Dr. Mohammad Afzal Siddiqui is an award-winning CEO of Marlin Medical Assistance Pvt. Ltd., a professionally managed medical tourism holding company and the active Director of Alshifa Healthcare Services Pvt. Ltd., a full-service medical tourism aggregation agency servicing JCI and NABH/ NABL accredited Hospitals across the country’s 5 locations.
In addition to Marlin, Alshifa also includes Media Group, which houses Arabic Medical Tourism e-Magazine healthandtour.com. The E-magazine “مجلة الصحة والسياحة” provides a wide scope of medical tourism information to healthcare travellers to find a safe, effective and cost-saving solution for their medical and healthcare needs. In addition to running E-Magazine, Dr. Mohammad Afzal also serves as Delhi-state coordinator in Foundation of Healthcare and Wellness Promotion focused on bringing India’s Healthcare closer to the world and smoothen world’s access to Indian Healthcare.