Table Of Index
What is lung cancer?
Lung cancer is a kind of cancer which develops in the lungs. Lung cancer starts to develop when the cells in the lungs begin to divide in an uncontrolled way and finally the organ’s automatic cell death machinery does not work. Because of this, the abnormal growth of cells forms a tumour after a period of time. The tumour might stay at its original place or spread to other parts of the body. Lung cancer treatment is very essential because the lungs are vital organs that help purify impure blood and then supplies it to the rest of body parts. Smoking is one of the major risk factors, although not all people who develops lung cancer have a history of smoking. Lung cancer may be fatal, but its effective diagnoses and treatments are overall improving the outlook.
Types of lung cancer
Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer: It is a common type of lung cancer. The cancer grows and spreads more rapidly compared to small cell lung cancer. The three main kinds of non-small cell lung cancer are adenocarcinoma, large cell carcinomas and squamous cell carcinoma.
Small Cell Lung Cancer: Nearly all cases of small cell lung cancer may be due to cigarette smoking. This is a fast-growing cancer and spreads much more quickly in comparison to other types of lung cancer. The two different types of small cell lung cancer are small cell carcinoma and combined small cell carcinoma.
Lung Nodules: These nodules are tiny masses of tissue and may be benign, precancerous or metastatic tumours. They spread from other body parts over a period of time. A larger nodule has more chances of becoming cancerous than a smaller one.
Causes and Symptoms
X-rays: A chest X-ray makes use of high-energy electromagnetic radiation to create images of the lungs and nearby tissues. A normal chest X-ray helps to visualize the lungs, bones, heart, and other structures. Abnormal chest X-rays may reveal shaded areas that might be further evaluated to find out whether they’re lung nodules or tumours.
CT scan: This test reveals the anatomy of the lungs and nearby tissues, which could clearly show tumours although a CT scan will not tell whether tumours are cancerous. CT scans are usually used to diagnose and monitor tumour growth.
Magnetic resonance imaging: MRI uses radio waves and strong magnets for detecting lung cancer. It helps to find whether lung cancer has spread to the brain or spinal cord. An MRI scan could also be used for evaluating for invasion into surrounding structures.
Positron emission tomography: Also called PET scan, the test involves injecting a special radioactive tracer in the patient. The substance collects in regions with high tracer uptake. Cancer cells generally have high activity and show up as bright spots on the scans.
Risk & Complications
Infections: A person is at risk of having an infection after surgery. This includes chest or urine infection and a wound. The affected person may be recommended antibiotics to lower the risk of developing an infection after surgery.
Blood clots: Blood clots are a possible risk of lung cancer surgery as the patient may not move as much as usual. Clots may block the normal blood flow through the veins. Tell doctor if you have an area in the leg that is hot, swollen, red or sore.
Bleeding: You may have bleeding after surgery. This may be because of a leakage of blood vessel or your blood isn’t clotting properly. Bleeding can be treated depending on the cause of it.
Long term pain: Some individuals may experience pain that lasts for a long period of time after surgery. This may be due to damage to nerves during the surgery. For most individuals, pain slowly reduces after some years as the nerves repair themselves. However, for some, it might continue for longer.
Breathlessness: Some breathlessness may occur after lung surgery. This will depend on the type of surgery one has and how fit they are. If a person had breathing problems prior to the surgery, they may still have some problems later.
Feeling tired and weak: In most cases, people feel weakness and lack of strength for some time after surgery. The duration for which this last varies between people.
Preparation of Treatment
Stay away from tobacco: The best way to cut the risk of lung cancer is not to smoke and to avoid second-hand smoke. If a person stops smoking before a cancer occurs, their damaged lung tissue gradually starts to repair itself.
Limit radon exposure: Radon is a common cause of lung cancer. One can reduce their exposure to radon by having their home tested and treated, if required.
Minimise exposure to cancer-causing agents: Limiting exposure to cancer-causing agents in the workplace and at home might also be helpful. When individuals work where exposure of these agents is common, they must be kept to a minimum.
Follow a healthy diet: A healthy diet having lots of vegetables and fruits may also help cut your risk of lung cancer. Some studies suggest that a diet high in fruits as well as vegetables could help protect those who smoke as well as those who do not against lung cancer.
Best Doctors for Lung Cancer Treatment
Best Hospitals for Lung Cancer Treatment
Surgery: This involves surgically removing the tumour along with some surrounding lung tissue in the region of the tumor. Removing the tumour during surgery is considered the best option to treat cancer when it is localized and unlikely to spread.
Chemotherapy: This method is often used to destroy cancer cells that might remain after surgery. In this procedure, drugs are used to destroy cancer cells, generally by preventing the cancer cells from dividing and making more cells.
Radiation therapy: This may be directed from outside the body through exteal beam radiation. It can also be put inside needles or catheters and then placed inside the body around the cancer in the process called brachytherapy.
Proton therapy: This is advanced form of radiation therapy which delivers high dose radiation to kill the tumour completely. The healthy lung tissues near the tumour are not affected by the radiation.
Targeted therapy: This works by targeting certain abnormalities in cancer cells. Some targeted therapy options for lung cancer treatment include Erlotinib, Crizotinib, Bevacizumab and others.
Cost of the treatment
Cost of lung cancer treatment
The cost of lung cancer treatment in India starts from USD 1189 and go up to USD 15000. This will be the cost of the best possible treatment for cancer, including after diagnosis, follow-up care as well as medical consultation. However, lung cancer treatment cost in India can vary depending on the type and stage of cancer, and other factors.
Recovery after lung cancer treatment
Lung cancer surgery is a major surgery, and recovery may take weeks or months. After discharge from the hospital, it is important to have a plan for smooth recovery. In the first few days after the procedure, you might experience some pain in the area around the incision. You may feel weak and tired after lung cancer surgery. If your lungs are in good condition, you can usually retu to normal activities within some days after a lobe of the lung has been removed. The doctor will tell you when you can begin driving again but it is generally 4-6 weeks after surgery. You need to have a follow up appointment around 2 -6 weeks after your surgery.
Award-winning CEO of Marlin Medical Assistance Pvt. Ltd
Dr. Mohammad Afzal Siddiqui is an award-winning CEO of Marlin Medical Assistance Pvt. Ltd., a professionally managed medical tourism holding company and the active Director of Alshifa Healthcare Services Pvt. Ltd., a full-service medical tourism aggregation agency servicing JCI and NABH/ NABL accredited Hospitals across the country’s 5 locations.
In addition to Marlin, Alshifa also includes Media Group, which houses Arabic Medical Tourism e-Magazine healthandtour.com. The E-magazine “مجلة الصحة والسياحة” provides a wide scope of medical tourism information to healthcare travellers to find a safe, effective and cost-saving solution for their medical and healthcare needs. In addition to running E-Magazine, Dr. Mohammad Afzal also serves as Delhi-state coordinator in Foundation of Healthcare and Wellness Promotion focused on bringing India’s Healthcare closer to the world and smoothen world’s access to Indian Healthcare.