Everything You Need To Know About Spinal Disc Replacement Treatment

A spine disk replacement refers to a type of back or spine surgery. Spine disk replacement involves replacing a worn or damaged disk in the lower portion of the spine with an artificial disk, which is made of metal, metal and plastic. Lumbar disk replacement is considered an alternative to spinal fusion surgery, which permanently joins two vertebrae together. Here, we will discuss more about spine disk replacement, such as what is spine disk replacement, what are the causes and symptoms of spine disk replacement, how to diagnose spine disk replacement, what are the treatments of spine disk replacement, who are the best doctors for spine disk replacement in India, and which are the top hospitals for spine disk replacement in India.

Dr. Mohammad Afzal Siddiqui

Review By Dr. Mohammad Afzal Siddiqui
Award-winning CEO of Marlin Medical Assistance Pvt. Ltd

Mar 4, 2024

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Table Of Index

What is spinal disk replacement?

What is spine artificial disk replacement?

A lumbar disc replacement is a type of surgery that involves removal of a damaged disc in the lower spine and its replacement with an artificial lumbar disc. When one of these discs is wo out or damaged or affects nearby nerves, removing the affected disc and then replacing it with an artificial lumbar disc will help relieve pain as well as restore spinal mobility. Lumbar artificial disc replacement surgery may be advised to treat chronic and severe low back pain generally caused by degenerative disc diseases. The procedure is generally minimally invasive, and the incision is not longer in length than 5 centimetres. When the surgeon has accessed the spine, the portion to be treated is first opened, the affected disc is then removed with the bone material around the neuralgic structure to make more space.

Causes and Symptoms

Causes

  • Acute injuries
  • Obesity
  • Gender
  • Smoking
  • Muscle or ligament strain
  • Bulging or ruptured disks
  • Arthritis
  • Osteoporosis
  • Ankylosing spondylitis

Symptoms

  • Neck pain
  • Headache
  • Neck stiffness
  • Persistent back pain
  • Spinal disc deterioration or damage
  • Disc herniation
  • Ineffective nonsurgical treatments
  • Weakness in shoulders and arms
  • Bulging of the disk

Diagnosis

X-rays: An X-ray uses low-dose ionizing radiation to create images of the spine. This test is generally used to diagnose disc movement. In case of a movement is present, the fixation is required.

Myelogram: This is a diagnostic technique which uses injected contrast substance with X-rays to detect problems in the spinal cord, spinal canal, nerve roots, and other surrounding tissues.

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): This diagnostic procedure uses a combination of magnets and a computer interface to produce detailed images of soft tissue structures such as the spine.

Computed tomography scan: This test provides more detailed images of the spine compared to a traditional X-ray.

Nerve Conduction Studies: The test helps in the diagnosis of nerve problems in the spine and find out the site of abnormal sensations like tingling, numbness, and pain.

Discogram/discography: It is a diagnostic procedure employed to accurately locate injury of the spinal disc causing back pain.

Bone scan: This test is recommended to know more about a spinal tumour and fracture.

Risk & Complications

Blood loss and infections: Excessive blood loss as well as infection are likely to happen during cervical artificial disc replacement surgery.

Disc migration: An artificial disc may migrate or move out of its position. This leads to pain, decreased spinal motion, and would possibly require a surgery.

Blood clots: Individuals undergoing surgery in their lower body are at more risk of experiencing blood clots inside the veins in the legs. If the clot migrates to the lungs, it can be life threatening.

Nerve and spinal cord damage: Nerve and spinal cord damage during the surgery can lead to pain, sexual dysfunction, paralysis, and other sensory symptoms.

Lung problems: Lung function after surgery can be lowered by medication and lack of physical activity. Patients deep-breathing exercises can cut the risk of lung infection.

Preparation of Treatment

Before undergoing cervical disc replacement surgery, a surgeon generally requests several things as part of preparation for the surgery. Quit smoking and other tobacco products. Smoking raises the risk for surgical complications like infection. Review medications. Some medications might need to be temporarily halted, or dosages reduced before the procedure. The patient needs to be evaluated for health so that they can tolerate the surgery as well as the recovery process. For the surgery that are scheduled in the moing, no food and drink is permitted after midnight. Generally, no eating is will be allowed eight hours before the surgery.

Best Doctors for Spinal Disc Replacement Treatment

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Dr. Sudhir Dubey
28+ Yrs. Exp.MBBS, MCh (Neurosurgery)Chairman - Endoscopic Portal Minimal Invasive Neurosurgery
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Dr. S K Rajan
16+ Yrs. Exp.MBBS, MS (General Surgery), MCH (Neurosurgeon)Chief - Neuro Spine Surgery & Additional Director - Neurosurgery

Best Hospitals for Spinal Disc Replacement Treatment

Artemis Hospital, Gurgaon
Artemis Hospital, Gurgaon
Artemis Hospital, Gurgaon

Artemis Hospital, Gurgaon Artemis Health Institute, Sector 51 Near Unitech Cyber Park, Gurugram, India

Treatment Option

Two primary options exist: artificial disc replacement (ADR) and nucleus replacement. ADR involves replacing the damaged disc with a synthetic implant, mimicking natural movement. This approach reduces adjacent segment degeneration. Nucleus replacement, on the other hand, targets the inner disc core, aiming to alleviate pain and maintain spine function. Both alteatives aim to restore mobility while mitigating long-term complications, presenting viable choices for individuals seeking a dynamic solution to spine disc problems.

Cost of the treatment

Cost of spine disc replacement surgery

The estimated cost of spine disc replacement surgery in India generally starts from $5,000 depending on the hospital charges, age of the patient, surgical complications, material of the implant, and fees of the surgeon. Spine disc replacement surgery in India generally doesn’t cover the post-operational physiotherapy program. All additional costs involve the diagnostics before the procedure as well as pre-operational consultations.

Recovery

Recovery after spine disc replacement surgery

Recovery from spine disc replacement surgery usually lasts three months as the spine adjusts to the implanted material and the body recovers after surgery. Recovery times may from one patient to another. A short hospital stay after a spine artificial disc replacement may be required to monitor pain and mobility. Standing and walking would be required before leaving the hospital.A walker or cane could be requited for the first few days or weeks after surgery. You can use heat or ice therapy to reduce postoperative pain. Do mild physical therapy and activity after surgery to strengthen the back. Back bracing might be recommended for 4-6 weeks after surgery.

Recovery
Dr. Mohammad Afzal Siddiqui

Written by

Dr. Mohammad Afzal Siddiqui

Award-winning CEO of Marlin Medical Assistance Pvt. Ltd

Dr. Mohammad Afzal Siddiqui is an award-winning CEO of Marlin Medical Assistance Pvt. Ltd., a professionally managed medical tourism holding company and the active Director of Alshifa Healthcare Services Pvt. Ltd., a full-service medical tourism aggregation agency servicing JCI and NABH/ NABL accredited Hospitals across the country’s 5 locations.

In addition to Marlin, Alshifa also includes Media Group, which houses Arabic Medical Tourism e-Magazine healthandtour.com. The E-magazine “مجلة الصحة والسياحة” provides a wide scope of medical tourism information to healthcare travellers to find a safe, effective and cost-saving solution for their medical and healthcare needs. In addition to running E-Magazine, Dr. Mohammad Afzal also serves as Delhi-state coordinator in Foundation of Healthcare and Wellness Promotion focused on bringing India’s Healthcare closer to the world and smoothen world’s access to Indian Healthcare.

Frequently Asked Questions About Spinal Disc Replacement

Well-performed surgeries can have good results in most of cases. The success rate for spine disc replacement surgery in India is around 95%. Rate of success can be affected by several factors such as the presence of a chronic disease, smoking, age, and technology used.

A spine disc surgery takes around one and a half to 2 hours. Apart from surgical time, more time may be needed for the pre-operative preparation such as anesthesia.

Patients with spine disc surgery may have some restrictions with regards to activities and as the volume of work that they can do. These restrictions are relaxed as the patient recovers into the healing phase. Bone healing may take three months.

Patients are advised to do the activities of daily living in 2-3 days of surgery. However, they are encouraged to avoid overdoing things. Patients can do more normal household chores in 2-3 weeks of surgery.
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