ENT surgery can assist in treating wounds or malformations in these regions that result in issues including discomfort, recurrent infections, and breathing difficulties. For instance, ENT surgery is performed on some kids to treat recurrent ear infections. Tumor removal (abnormal growth) may also need ENT surgery. Depending on the technique, the surgery could be carried out at a hospital, an outpatient facility, or a doctor's office.
What kind of problems leads you to consult an ENT doctor?
- Nose injuries and infections.
- Infected ears.
- A number of sleep problems, such as sleep apnea.
- Neck discomfort and headache
- Problems with speech and swallowing
What are the types of ENT surgery?
Several different ENT procedures are used to treat many different disorders that affect the ear, nose, and throat areas.
Adenoidectomy and Tonsillectomy: Tonsillectomy is a technique to remove the tonsils, whereas an adenoidectomy is a surgical operation to remove the adenoids. When the tonsils totally or partially block the upper airway, tonsillectomies may also be required as a therapy for obstructive sleep apnea.
Ear Surgery: In order to treat and prevent reoccurring inner ear infections, a tube is inserted during ear surgery. This is done to drain fluid buildup in the middle ear since it can lead to recurrent infections and hearing loss. Tympanoplasty, which involves reconstructive surgery on the eardrum, and stapedectomy, in which all or a portion of the middle ear bone is removed, are two other treatments that come within the category of ear surgery.
Septoplasty: This surgery is utilized to realign the nasal septum. A structure that separates the nasal cavities, the nasal septum is formed of cartilage and very thin bone. One's capacity to breathe could be hampered by a crooked septum if there is an irregularity in the septum. Septoplasty is the recommended line of treatment in this case. Without the necessity for an external incision, the surgery is often performed through nasal apertures. A portion of the septum that is crooked and obstructs airflow will be removed or adjusted during surgery.
ENT oncology: Salivary tumors, pharyngeal or laryngeal cancer, temporal bone carcinoma, oral cancer, and other malignancies of the head and neck are among the malignant tumors or cancers that are frequently treated with ENT surgery. Such malignancies are frequently treated with ENT surgery that includes microvascular and reconstructive procedures. Another procedure that may be used to remove cancer that has progressed to local neck lymph nodes is a radical neck dissection.
Direct laryngoscopy: This process is applied for both surgical and diagnostic purposes. In order to examine or operate on the larynx, an ENT surgeon will utilize a microscope or fiber-optic endoscope. This treatment is used to detect lesions or foreign objects, to diagnose the existence of laryngeal cancer, to treat benign lesions in the region, and may be necessary for patients who have specific conditions that damage the vocal cords or who experience restriction of the airway.
Tracheotomy: This treatment is frequently performed when a patient's capacity to breathe is substantially compromised and air cannot reach the lungs. In this surgery, a tracheal hole is created to let air into the lungs.