Symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis:
Signs and symptoms of MS vary widely and depend on the amount of nerve damage and which nerves are affected. Some people with severe MS may lose the ability to walk independently or at all, while others may experience prolonged remission without any new symptoms.
Symptoms of MS attacks range from mild to severe symptoms that can be controlled with treatment and can lead to complete disability for the patient. The period during which the symptoms of the disease intensify is called a relapse, and the period during which the symptoms subside, or the symptoms disappear, is called the remission period, and the period during which the symptoms subside can last for several months or sometimes up to a year.
Symptoms of MS include:
- Numbness, loss of sensation, or weakness in all or part of the extremities. This weakness or paralysis usually appears on one side of the body or in the lower part.
- Partial or complete loss of vision in one eye, usually not in both eyes at the same time, and sometimes accompanied by pain when moving the eye.
- Double or blurred vision.
- Pain and itching in different parts of the body.
- Feeling like an electric shock when you move your head.
- Poor coordination, and loss of balance while walking.
Symptoms appear in most people with multiple sclerosis, especially in its early stages, and then disappear completely or partially, and often symptoms of multiple sclerosis appear or when the body temperature rises, its severity increases.
These factors can increase your risk of developing MS:
Age: Multiple sclerosis can occur at any age, but it usually begins between 20 and 40 years of age. However, both adults and children can be affected.
Gender: Women are two to three times more likely than men to develop MS.
Family history: If one of your parents or siblings has MS, you are more likely to develop the disease.
Vitamin D: Having low levels of vitamin D and decreased exposure to sunlight is associated with an increased risk of developing multiple sclerosis.
Certain autoimmune diseases: You have a slightly higher risk of developing multiple sclerosis if you suffer from other autoimmune disorders such as thyroid disease, pernicious anemia, psoriasis, type 1 diabetes, or an inflammatory disease. Intestine (Inflammatory bowel disease).
There is no cure for multiple sclerosis. However, treatments can help speed recovery from attacks, modify the course of the disease, and manage symptoms.
Because doctors do not yet determine the exact cause of the disease. Not everyone can stop the onset of MS.
Though the research does not always support the effectiveness of complementary and alternative therapies, which are used by certain people.
Options for treatment include:
Drugs to stop the progression
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has given several disease-modifying treatments (DMTs) Trusted Source permission to treat MS patients who have relapsed. These affect how the immune system works.
Some of these may be administered by a doctor as an infusion, an injection, or by mouth. The medicine will determine how frequently the user has to take them and if they can do this at home.
When using medications in the early stages of MS, especially if symptoms are not very severe, there is a high probability that they will reduce the severity of the disease.
Doctors may start a patient on lower-efficacy medications and increase the amount or strength later on, or they may offer Trusted Sources of more effective medicines right away.
An increased risk of infections is one of the side effects of immunosuppressive medications. The liver may also be harmed by some drugs. A person should seek medical help if they have any negative effects or if their symptoms get worse.