Everything You Need To Know About Inflammatory Bowel Disease Ibd Treatment

Both ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease are often accompanied by diarrhea, rectal bleeding, stomach discomfort, exhaustion, and weight loss.

IBD is just a minor disease for some people, but for others, it may be a disease that can lead to life-threatening consequences.

IBD symptoms

IBD symptoms might come and go. They might be moderate or severe, and they can arise abruptly or gradually.

IBD symptoms include:

  • Abdominal (belly) discomfort is one of the symptoms of IBD.
  • Diarrhea (sometimes alternating with constipation) or an urgent need to urinate (bowel urgency).
  • Bloating and gas.
  • Appetite loss or unexplained weight loss.
  • Blood or mucus in the feces.
  • Stomach pain.
  • Fatigue.
  • Fever.
  • Itching, inflamed, and painful eyes.
  • Joint discomfort.
  • Vomiting and nausea.
  • Rashes and sores on the skin (ulcers).
  • Vision issues.

IBD Causes

Although the precise origin of IBD is uncertain, a compromised immune system is the cause of IBD. Some causes include:

Inappropriate immune system response to environmental factors, such as a virus or bacterium, results in gastrointestinal tract inflammation.

There seems to be a genetic component as well. This incorrect immune response is more likely to manifest in people with a family history of IBD.

Treatment

There are several IBD therapies available.

Anti-inflammatory meds: The initial step in IBD treatment is an anti-inflammatory medication. These medications aid in the reduction of digestive system inflammation. They do, however, have several negative effects.

Corticosteroids: If a class of gentler anti-inflammatories is ineffective, a doctor may give fast-acting anti-inflammatory drugs called corticosteroids. To treat flares, people should only use these medications briefly. NSAID usage over an extended period may exacerbate IBD symptoms.

Immune suppressors: These stop the immune system from attacking the intestinal cells, reducing inflammation. However, they may take up to 3 months to start working and have a variety of undesirable side effects, such as a higher risk of infection.

Biologic therapies: These are antibodies that target specific molecules in the body that lead to inflammation.

Surgery

Surgery may occasionally be required for IBD patients.

The following are some IBD surgeries:

  • Strictureplasty to enlarge a restricted gut.
  • Closure or removal of fistulas.
  • Removal of the damaged sections of the intestines in persons with Crohn's disease.
  • Removal of the whole colon and rectum in severe instances of UC).

Due to the increased risk of colorectal cancer in IBD patients, your doctor will likely advise doing a regular colonoscopy to check for the disease.

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