Table Of Index
What is hydatid cyst?
Hydatid cyst is a parasite disease caused the larvae of a tapeworm called Echinococcus. The lungs and liver are the most affected organs. Hydatid cysts can cause a serious health issue, especially in areas where animals and people cohabit. These cysts are localized in the lower lobe of the lung and then they pressurize the adjacent organs as the cysts grow.
Causes and Symptoms
Computed tomography: This is the preferred imaging technique to evaluate hydatid cysts as it shows strong posterior acoustic shadowing. In a CT scan, cysts appear as well-defined lesions.
Ultrasound: Ultrasound is an important imaging test for detecting hydatid disease as it clearly shows the floating membranes, hydatid sand and daughter cysts characteristically observed in purely cystic lesions.
Serological tests: These tests include fluorescent antibody testing. Serology is 80–90% sensitive.
X-ray: An uncomplicated hydatid cyst looks like a well-defined homogenous radio-opacity in a chest X-ray. Differential diagnosis on chest X-rays includes fluid-filled cysts, carcinoma, metastases, benign tumours, and inflammatory masses.
Risk & Complications
Infection is the most common complication of hydatid cyst surgery. Biliary leakage and fistula formation can also occur after hydatid cyst surgery and these are the main reasons of mortality and morbidity. Their rates can be decreases by knowing ways to interfere for the treatment. Infection as well as biliary communication with the cyst may occur before or after surgery. Bile leakage can cause the formation of output biliary fistulae. This can be managed by performing nasobiliary drainage, sphincterectomy, or biliary stenting. Recurrence is also associated with spillage during surgical removal of the cyst.
Preparation of Treatment
There are a few things which should be followed before undergoing hydatid cyst surgery to get better results. Follow a healthy diet containing minerals and vitamins. You should stay away from pollutants that could affect the treatment effectiveness. Avoid scrubbing cyst. You should tell your doctor what all medicines you are taking. The doctor could ask you to discontinue some of these medications.
Surgery: Large, deep cysts might need to be removed through surgery. Surgical removal of cyst involves removing some portion or all of the cyst. Surgery can lead to entry of parasites into the abdominal cavity. Hence, only an experienced doctor must perform the procedure.
Medication: Tiny and superficial cysts in a location might respond to antiparasitic drugs such as benzimidazoles. Benzimidazoles kills parasites and shrink cysts. The doctor might combine medications with surgery.
Puncture, aspiration, injection, re-aspiration (PAIR): In PAIR technique, a needle or catheter is used to drain the cyst. A chemical that works against a parasite is injected into the cyst before it is fully drained again. The doctor repeats the whole process until the cyst is drained.
Cost of the treatment
Cost of hydatid cyst treatment
The cost of hydatid cyst treatment in India starts from $2047. However, hydatid cyst treatment cost in India can differ from person to person depending on the severity of the disease, the facility the person selects for their treatment, and all other underlying conditions that could affect their treatment cost. The cost of hydatid cyst treatment in India is much less compared to many other countries.
Recovery after hydatid cyst surgery
The patient must follow some guidelines for quick recovery. In case, a person experiences symptoms such as severe pain, blood in his urine and fever, they should inform the doctor immediately. The individual shouldn’t skip any of the medications that the doctor has prescribed. It is crucial to drink lot of water and stay hydrated. Follow a proper diet which includes a lot of fresh fruits and vegetables for speedy recovery. The amount of salt intake must be lowered. A follow up routine check with the doctor regularly is recommended. You should also avoid fatty items or junk food.
Award-winning CEO of Marlin Medical Assistance Pvt. Ltd
Dr. Mohammad Afzal Siddiqui is an award-winning CEO of Marlin Medical Assistance Pvt. Ltd., a professionally managed medical tourism holding company and the active Director of Alshifa Healthcare Services Pvt. Ltd., a full-service medical tourism aggregation agency servicing JCI and NABH/ NABL accredited Hospitals across the country’s 5 locations.
In addition to Marlin, Alshifa also includes Media Group, which houses Arabic Medical Tourism e-Magazine healthandtour.com. The E-magazine “مجلة الصحة والسياحة” provides a wide scope of medical tourism information to healthcare travellers to find a safe, effective and cost-saving solution for their medical and healthcare needs. In addition to running E-Magazine, Dr. Mohammad Afzal also serves as Delhi-state coordinator in Foundation of Healthcare and Wellness Promotion focused on bringing India’s Healthcare closer to the world and smoothen world’s access to Indian Healthcare.