Everything You Need To Know About Hydatid Cyst Treatment

Hydatid cyst is a parasitic disease caused by a tapeworm. Hydatid disease causes cysts to develop in the liver or other organs. Hydatid cysts can sometimes lead to serious health complications in case they are left untreated. On this page, we will discuss various aspects of hydatid cyst, such as what is hydatid cyst, what are the causes and symptoms of hydatid cyst, how to diagnose hydatid cyst, what are the treatments of hydatid cyst, who are the best doctors for hydatid cyst in India, and which are the top hospitals for hydatid cyst in India.

Dr. Mohammad Afzal Siddiqui

Review By Dr. Mohammad Afzal Siddiqui
Award-winning CEO of Marlin Medical Assistance Pvt. Ltd

Mar 4, 2024

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Table Of Index

What is hydatid cyst?

What is hydatid cyst?

Hydatid cyst is a parasite disease caused the larvae of a tapeworm called Echinococcus. The lungs and liver are the most affected organs. Hydatid cysts can cause a serious health issue, especially in areas where animals and people cohabit. These cysts are localized in the lower lobe of the lung and then they pressurize the adjacent organs as the cysts grow.

Causes and Symptoms

Causes

  • Handling infected dogs
  • Live in unhygienic environment
  • Slaughter sheep or any other livestock for food
  • Drinking or eating in a space shared with infected dogs

Symptoms

  • Upset stomach
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Swollen abdomen, diarrhea, cough
  • Anemia, weakness and fatigue
  • Blood or fluid discharge from a ruptured cyst

Diagnosis

Computed tomography: This is the preferred imaging technique to evaluate hydatid cysts as it shows strong posterior acoustic shadowing. In a CT scan, cysts appear as well-defined lesions.

Ultrasound: Ultrasound is an important imaging test for detecting hydatid disease as it clearly shows the floating membranes, hydatid sand and daughter cysts characteristically observed in purely cystic lesions.

Serological tests: These tests include fluorescent antibody testing. Serology is 80–90% sensitive.

X-ray: An uncomplicated hydatid cyst looks like a well-defined homogenous radio-opacity in a chest X-ray. Differential diagnosis on chest X-rays includes fluid-filled cysts, carcinoma, metastases, benign tumours, and inflammatory masses.

Risk & Complications

Infection is the most common complication of hydatid cyst surgery. Biliary leakage and fistula formation can also occur after hydatid cyst surgery and these are the main reasons of mortality and morbidity. Their rates can be decreases by knowing ways to interfere for the treatment. Infection as well as biliary communication with the cyst may occur before or after surgery. Bile leakage can cause the formation of output biliary fistulae. This can be managed by performing nasobiliary drainage, sphincterectomy, or biliary stenting. Recurrence is also associated with spillage during surgical removal of the cyst.

Preparation of Treatment

There are a few things which should be followed before undergoing hydatid cyst surgery to get better results. Follow a healthy diet containing minerals and vitamins. You should stay away from pollutants that could affect the treatment effectiveness. Avoid scrubbing cyst. You should tell your doctor what all medicines you are taking. The doctor could ask you to discontinue some of these medications.

You should avoid eating and drinking anything that might have come in contact with dog faeces. Have your dogs dewormed regularly by a trained veterinarian. This should not be done at home. Try to not have contact with a dog that could be infected. Do not slaughter sheep and other livestocks at home. A person should also prevent dogs from consuming infected sheep. Always wash your hands with warm water and soap just after handling dogs and before handling the food.

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Treatment Option

Surgery: Large, deep cysts might need to be removed through surgery. Surgical removal of cyst involves removing some portion or all of the cyst. Surgery can lead to entry of parasites into the abdominal cavity. Hence, only an experienced doctor must perform the procedure.

Medication: Tiny and superficial cysts in a location might respond to antiparasitic drugs such as benzimidazoles. Benzimidazoles kills parasites and shrink cysts. The doctor might combine medications with surgery.

Puncture, aspiration, injection, re-aspiration (PAIR): In PAIR technique, a needle or catheter is used to drain the cyst. A chemical that works against a parasite is injected into the cyst before it is fully drained again. The doctor repeats the whole process until the cyst is drained.

Cost of the treatment

Cost of hydatid cyst treatment

The cost of hydatid cyst treatment in India starts from $2047. However, hydatid cyst treatment cost in India can differ from person to person depending on the severity of the disease, the facility the person selects for their treatment, and all other underlying conditions that could affect their treatment cost. The cost of hydatid cyst treatment in India is much less compared to many other countries.

Recovery

Recovery after hydatid cyst surgery

The patient must follow some guidelines for quick recovery. In case, a person experiences symptoms such as severe pain, blood in his urine and fever, they should inform the doctor immediately. The individual shouldn’t skip any of the medications that the doctor has prescribed. It is crucial to drink lot of water and stay hydrated. Follow a proper diet which includes a lot of fresh fruits and vegetables for speedy recovery. The amount of salt intake must be lowered. A follow up routine check with the doctor regularly is recommended. You should also avoid fatty items or junk food.

Recovery
Dr. Mohammad Afzal Siddiqui

Written by

Dr. Mohammad Afzal Siddiqui

Award-winning CEO of Marlin Medical Assistance Pvt. Ltd

Dr. Mohammad Afzal Siddiqui is an award-winning CEO of Marlin Medical Assistance Pvt. Ltd., a professionally managed medical tourism holding company and the active Director of Alshifa Healthcare Services Pvt. Ltd., a full-service medical tourism aggregation agency servicing JCI and NABH/ NABL accredited Hospitals across the country’s 5 locations.

In addition to Marlin, Alshifa also includes Media Group, which houses Arabic Medical Tourism e-Magazine healthandtour.com. The E-magazine “مجلة الصحة والسياحة” provides a wide scope of medical tourism information to healthcare travellers to find a safe, effective and cost-saving solution for their medical and healthcare needs. In addition to running E-Magazine, Dr. Mohammad Afzal also serves as Delhi-state coordinator in Foundation of Healthcare and Wellness Promotion focused on bringing India’s Healthcare closer to the world and smoothen world’s access to Indian Healthcare.

Frequently Asked Questions About Hydatid Cyst

Hydatid disease may be fatal without any medical treatment. An infected organ might fail or a cyst can rupture leading to a life-threatening allergic reaction.

The hydatid cysts tend to affect the liver or lung most, but it might be found in any other organ, such as the brain, the heart, and bones.

Percutaneous drainage using albendazole therapy is considered a safe and effective alternative treatment for hydatid cysts. Radical surgery combined with pre as well as post-operative administration of albendazole is most effective for liver hydatid cysts because of low recurrence and complication rates.

Brain involvement occurs in 1–2% of individuals with hydatid cyst and comprises around 2% of all brain volume in the endemic region, particularly among the children.
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