Table Of Index
Diabetes is a condition which occurs when blood glucose (blood sugar) is very high. Glucose is the body’s key source of energy. While human body can make glucose, it also comes from the food that we eat. Insulin is a type of hormone produced by the pancreas which helps glucose get inside the cells so that it can be used for energy. If a person has diabetes, their body does not make sufficient or any insulin, or fails to use insulin efficiently. In this case, glucose remains in the blood and doesn’t get into the cells. The most common type of this condition is type two diabetes. In the last three decades, the prevalence of this type of diabetes has increased dramatically in most countries of all income levels. Diabetes increases the risk for damage to the kidneys, nerves, eyes, and heart. Diabetes may also be linked to some kinds of cancer. Taking necessary steps to manage or prevent diabetes may lessen your risk of getting diabetes health problems.
Type 1 diabetes: In type 1 diabetes, the body produces too little or no insulin. The body’s immune system attacks and finally destroys the cells in the pancreas that secretes insulin. Type 1 diabetes is generally diagnosed in young adults and children, although this can occur at any age. Various factors like genetics and certain viruses might cause type 1 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes: In type 2 diabetes, the body cells fail to use insulin properly. Although the pancreas might be producing insulin, it isn’t making enough hormone to maintain the normal blood glucose levels. Type II diabetes is a common form of diabetes. An individual is likely to develop type II diabetes if they have risk factors like overweight/obesity and a family history of the condition. Type 2 diabetes can occur at any age. Type 2 diabetes can be prevented or delayed by knowing the risk factors and taking proper steps for a healthier lifestyle.
Prediabetes: Individuals with prediabetes have the blood glucose levels higher than normal but are not high enough to fall under type 2 diabetes. If anyone has prediabetes, they usually have higher risks of developing type II diabetes. They also may more risk of developing heart diseases than individuals with normal glucose levels.
Gestational diabetes: Gestational diabetes develops during pregnancy. This type of diabetes generally goes away after the birth of the baby. But, if a person had gestational diabetes, they have a higher risk of developing type II diabetes in future. Sometimes diabetes 2 can occur during pregnancy.
Other types of diabetes are Type 3c diabetes, latent autoimmune diabetes, maturity-onset diabetes of young, neonatal diabetes and brittle diabetes.
Causes and Symptoms
Fasting Blood Sugar Test: This test is used to measure the blood sugar following an oveight fast. A reading of 99 mg/dL or below is considered normal, 100 to 125 mg/dL shows one has prediabetes, and 126 mg/dL or more tells they have diabetes.
Risk & Complications
Foot problems: Diabetes-related foot problems can lead to amputation if left untreated. Nerve damage could change the feeling in the feet and increased blood sugar levels may affect the circulation, slowing down the healing of sores and cuts.
Eye problems (retinopathy): In some cases, diabetes can lead to an eye disease known as diabetic retinopathy that can affect the eyesight. If retinopathy is detected by an eye screening test, treatment can be given to prevent sight loss.
Kidney problems: Diabetes may damage the kidneys (nephropathy) with time making it difficult for these organs to remove extra fluid and waste from the body. This is usually caused due to high blood sugar level and raised blood pressure.
Heart attack and stroke: In diabetes, high blood sugar can damage the blood vessels. It can sometimes cause heart attacks as well as strokes.
Nerve damage (or neuropathy): In some cases, diabetes can cause nerve damage due to complications resulting from high blood sugar levels. This condition makes it harder for your nerves to transmit messages between the brain and the rest part of our body.
Gum disease and other oral problems: High blood sugar may lead to more sugar in saliva. This may bring bacteria that produces acid which damages the tooth enamel and gums. The fine blood vessels in the gums could also be damaged, making them more likely to be infected.
Preparation of Treatment
Maintaining normal weight: Weight control is important for diabetes prevention. You can delay or prevent diabetes by losing 5-10% of your present weight. After losing the weight, you should make sure that you do not gain it back.
Following a healthy diet: It is vital to decrease the quantity of calories you consume each day to ensure you lose weight and maintain it. For this, the diet should contain less fat and sugar and should include smaller portions. The diet must include lots of fruits, whole grains as well as vegetables. You should also avoid processed meats and limit red meat.
Do regular exercise: Exercise helps you to lose weight and also lower the blood sugar levels. These both parameters reduce your overall risk of type II diabetes. Try to do at least 30-40 minutes of physical activity five days in a week. Talk to your health care professional to know which type of exercise are most suitable for you.
Quit smoking: Smoking is found to be contributing to insulin resistance that in tu can cause type 2 diabetes. If you smoke, try to avoid as much as possible.
Consult your health care provider: Your health care provider will tell you what else you can do to prevent and delay type II diabetes. In case you are at high risk, they may recommend a few types of diabetes medications.
Best Hospitals for Diabetes Treatment
Artemis Hospital, Gurgaon
Artemis Health Institute, Sector 51 Near Unitech Cyber Park, Gurugram, India
Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket, New Delhi
Press Enclave Road, Mandir Marg, Saket New Delhi 110017 India
Insulin therapy: People with type I diabetes and some people with type II diabetes need insulin to manage their blood sugar levels. Different types of insulin can be suggested based on how quickly they start to work and what is the duration of their effect. Long-acting insulin works throughout the day or oveight to maintain the normal blood sugar levels. Short-acting insulin is normally used at mealtime. Insulin is another medication which helps keep you as healthy as possible.
Diabetes medications: If a person cannot maintain their normal blood sugar levels with the help of diet and exercise, the doctor might prescribe diabetes medications which will help lower glucose levels, or may recommend insulin therapy. Medicines for type 2 diabetes include Metformin, Sulfonylureas, Glinides, Thiazolidinediones, DPP-4 inhibitors, GLP-1 receptor agonists and SGLT2 inhibitors.
Weight-loss surgery: Weight-loss surgery alters the shape as well as function of the digestive system which might help you lose body weight and manage type II diabetes and other issues related to obesity. There are several surgical procedures to lose weight. Some procedures may limit the quantity of nutrients your body can absorb.
Cost of the treatment
Cost of diabetes treatment in India may vary from person to person depending on a number of factors such as type of diabetes, age of the patient, type of treatment chosen and preexisting condition. Cost of diabetes treatment in India is much affordable compared to many other countries. A large number of patients choose opt India for diabetes treatment and management due to cost effectiveness.
Recovery from diabetes, with or without medication, involves lifestyle modifications and medical interventions. Some achieve success through exercise and a balanced diet, managing the condition without medication. For others, medications like insulin or oral agents are necessary for effective blood sugar control. Advances in medical research continue to introduce new treatments. Regular monitoring, a healthy lifestyle, and close collaboration with healthcare professionals are essential for diabetes management. Whether medication is part of the equation or not, personalized strategies are key to achieving sustained recovery and improved overall well-being.
Award-winning CEO of Marlin Medical Assistance Pvt. Ltd
Dr. Mohammad Afzal Siddiqui is an award-winning CEO of Marlin Medical Assistance Pvt. Ltd., a professionally managed medical tourism holding company and the active Director of Alshifa Healthcare Services Pvt. Ltd., a full-service medical tourism aggregation agency servicing JCI and NABH/ NABL accredited Hospitals across the country’s 5 locations.
In addition to Marlin, Alshifa also includes Media Group, which houses Arabic Medical Tourism e-Magazine healthandtour.com. The E-magazine “مجلة الصحة والسياحة” provides a wide scope of medical tourism information to healthcare travellers to find a safe, effective and cost-saving solution for their medical and healthcare needs. In addition to running E-Magazine, Dr. Mohammad Afzal also serves as Delhi-state coordinator in Foundation of Healthcare and Wellness Promotion focused on bringing India’s Healthcare closer to the world and smoothen world’s access to Indian Healthcare.