Everything You Need To Know About Diabetes Treatment

Diabetes is a condition in which your blood sugar levels are too high. This develops when the pancreas fails to make sufficient insulin or at all. Diabetes generally affects people of all ages. Diabetes may be chronic (lifelong), and nearly all forms are manageable with lifestyle changes or/and medications. It is important to manage diabetes as it can lead to other complications over time if left untreated. Here, we will learn everything about diabetes, such as what is diabetes, what are the causes of diabetes, how to manage diabetes, what are the symptoms of diabetes, how to treat diabetes, how to prevent diabetes, and much more.

Dr. Mohammad Afzal Siddiqui

Review By Dr. Mohammad Afzal Siddiqui
Award-winning CEO of Marlin Medical Assistance Pvt. Ltd

Mar 4, 2024

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Table Of Index

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a condition which occurs when blood glucose (blood sugar) is very high. Glucose is the body’s key source of energy. While human body can make glucose, it also comes from the food that we eat. Insulin is a type of hormone produced by the pancreas which helps glucose get inside the cells so that it can be used for energy. If a person has diabetes, their body does not make sufficient or any insulin, or fails to use insulin efficiently. In this case, glucose remains in the blood and doesn’t get into the cells. The most common type of this condition is type two diabetes. In the last three decades, the prevalence of this type of diabetes has increased dramatically in most countries of all income levels. Diabetes increases the risk for damage to the kidneys, nerves, eyes, and heart. Diabetes may also be   linked to some kinds of cancer. Taking necessary steps to manage or prevent diabetes may lessen your risk of getting diabetes health problems.

Type 1 diabetes: In type 1 diabetes, the body produces too little or no insulin. The body’s immune system attacks and finally destroys the cells in the pancreas that secretes insulin. Type 1 diabetes is generally diagnosed in young adults and children, although this can occur at any age. Various factors like genetics and certain viruses might cause type 1 diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes: In type 2 diabetes, the body cells fail to use insulin properly. Although the pancreas might be producing insulin, it isn’t making enough hormone to maintain the normal blood glucose levels. Type II diabetes is a common form of diabetes. An individual is likely to develop type II diabetes if they have risk factors like overweight/obesity and a family history of the condition. Type 2 diabetes can occur at any age. Type 2 diabetes can be prevented or delayed by knowing the risk factors and taking proper steps for a healthier lifestyle.

Prediabetes: Individuals with prediabetes have the blood glucose levels higher than normal but are not high enough to fall under type 2 diabetes. If anyone has prediabetes, they usually have higher risks of developing type II diabetes. They also may more risk of developing heart diseases than individuals with normal glucose levels.

Gestational diabetes: Gestational diabetes develops during pregnancy. This type of diabetes generally goes away after the birth of the baby. But, if a person had gestational diabetes, they have a higher risk of developing type II diabetes in future. Sometimes diabetes 2 can occur during pregnancy.

Other types of diabetes are Type 3c diabetes, latent autoimmune diabetes, maturity-onset diabetes of  young, neonatal diabetes and brittle diabetes.

Causes and Symptoms

Causes

  • Overweight, physical inactivity, obesity
  • Insulin resistance
  • Hormonal diseases
  • Genetics
  • Damage or removal of pancreas
  • Medications
  • Exposure to viruses
  • Autoimmune disease
  • Hormonal imbalances
  • Genetic mutations

Symptoms

  • Increased thirst, dry mouth
  • Blurred vision
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Frequent urination
  • Fatigue
  • Slow-healing cuts/sores
  • Numbness in hands or feet
  • Skin or vaginal yeast infection
  • Frequent infection, dry skin
  • Itchy skin, Nausea, vomiting

Diagnosis

Fasting Blood Sugar Test: This test is used to measure the blood sugar following an oveight fast. A reading of 99 mg/dL or below is considered normal, 100 to 125 mg/dL shows one has prediabetes, and 126 mg/dL or more tells they have diabetes.

HbA1c (Hemoglobin A1c): The A1C test tells the average blood sugar level for the past two to three months. An A1C value between 5.7 and 6.4% shows you have prediabetes, below 5.7% is normal, and 6.5% or more tells you have diabetes.
Glucose Tolerance Test: This test measures the blood sugar after and before you drink a liquid containing glucose. One night fasting is required before the test.
Random Blood Sugar Test: It is used to measure the blood sugar level at the time the test is done. This test can be done at any time and no fasting is needed. The blood sugar level of 200 mg/dL or more tells you have diabetes.

Risk & Complications

Foot problems: Diabetes-related foot problems can lead to amputation if left untreated. Nerve damage could change the feeling in the feet and increased blood sugar levels may affect the circulation, slowing down the healing of sores and cuts.

Eye problems (retinopathy): In some cases, diabetes can lead to an eye disease known as diabetic retinopathy that can affect the eyesight. If retinopathy is detected by an eye screening test, treatment can be given to prevent sight loss.

Kidney problems: Diabetes may damage the kidneys (nephropathy) with time making it difficult for these organs to remove extra fluid and waste from the body. This is usually caused due to high blood sugar level and raised blood pressure.

Heart attack and stroke: In diabetes, high blood sugar can damage the blood vessels. It can sometimes cause heart attacks as well as strokes.

Nerve damage (or neuropathy): In some cases, diabetes can cause nerve damage due to complications resulting from high blood sugar levels. This condition makes it harder for your nerves to transmit messages between the brain and the rest part of our body.

Gum disease and other oral problems: High blood sugar may lead to more sugar in saliva. This may bring bacteria that produces acid which damages the tooth enamel and gums. The fine blood vessels in the gums could also be damaged, making them more likely to be infected.

Preparation of Treatment

Maintaining normal weight: Weight control is important for diabetes prevention. You can delay or prevent diabetes by losing 5-10% of your present weight. After losing the weight, you should make sure that you do not gain it back.

Following a healthy diet: It is vital to decrease the quantity of calories you consume each day to ensure you lose weight and maintain it. For this, the diet should contain less fat and sugar and should include smaller portions. The diet must include lots of fruits, whole grains as well as vegetables. You should also avoid processed meats and limit red meat.

Do regular exercise: Exercise helps you to lose weight and also lower the blood sugar levels. These both parameters reduce your overall risk of type II diabetes. Try to do at least 30-40 minutes of physical activity five days in a week. Talk to your health care professional to know which type of exercise are most suitable for you.

Quit smoking: Smoking is found to be contributing to insulin resistance that in tu can cause type 2 diabetes. If you smoke, try to avoid as much as possible.

Consult your health care provider: Your health care provider will tell you what else you can do to prevent and delay type II diabetes. In case you are at high risk, they may recommend a few types of diabetes medications.

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Best Hospitals for Diabetes Treatment

Artemis Hospital, Gurgaon
Artemis Hospital, Gurgaon
Artemis Hospital, Gurgaon

Artemis Hospital, Gurgaon Artemis Health Institute, Sector 51 Near Unitech Cyber Park, Gurugram, India

Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket, New Delhi
Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket, New Delhi
Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket, New Delhi

Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket, New Delhi Press Enclave Road, Mandir Marg, Saket New Delhi 110017 India

Medanta the Medicity
Medanta the Medicity
Medanta the Medicity

Medanta the Medicity Medanta The Medicity, Sec-38 Gurugram, Haryana 122001, India

Treatment Option

Insulin therapy: People with type I diabetes and some people with type II diabetes need insulin to manage their blood sugar levels. Different types of insulin can be suggested based on how quickly they start to work and what is the duration of their effect. Long-acting insulin works throughout the day or oveight to maintain the normal blood sugar levels. Short-acting insulin is normally used at mealtime. Insulin is another medication which helps keep you as healthy as possible.

Diabetes medications: If a person cannot maintain their normal blood sugar levels with the help of diet and exercise, the doctor might prescribe diabetes medications which will help lower glucose levels, or may recommend insulin therapy. Medicines for type 2 diabetes include Metformin, Sulfonylureas, Glinides, Thiazolidinediones, DPP-4 inhibitors, GLP-1 receptor agonists and SGLT2 inhibitors.

Weight-loss surgery: Weight-loss surgery alters the shape as well as function of the digestive system which might help you lose body weight and manage type II diabetes and other issues related to obesity. There are several surgical procedures to lose weight. Some procedures may limit the quantity of nutrients your body can absorb.

Cost of the treatment

Cost of diabetes treatment in India may vary from person to person depending on a number of factors such as type of diabetes, age of the patient, type of treatment chosen and preexisting condition. Cost of diabetes treatment in India is much affordable compared to many other countries. A large number of patients choose opt India for diabetes treatment and management due to cost effectiveness.

Recovery

Recovery from diabetes, with or without medication, involves lifestyle modifications and medical interventions. Some achieve success through exercise and a balanced diet, managing the condition without medication. For others, medications like insulin or oral agents are necessary for effective blood sugar control. Advances in medical research continue to introduce new treatments. Regular monitoring, a healthy lifestyle, and close collaboration with healthcare professionals are essential for diabetes management. Whether medication is part of the equation or not, personalized strategies are key to achieving sustained recovery and improved overall well-being.

Recovery
Dr. Mohammad Afzal Siddiqui

Written by

Dr. Mohammad Afzal Siddiqui

Award-winning CEO of Marlin Medical Assistance Pvt. Ltd

Dr. Mohammad Afzal Siddiqui is an award-winning CEO of Marlin Medical Assistance Pvt. Ltd., a professionally managed medical tourism holding company and the active Director of Alshifa Healthcare Services Pvt. Ltd., a full-service medical tourism aggregation agency servicing JCI and NABH/ NABL accredited Hospitals across the country’s 5 locations.

In addition to Marlin, Alshifa also includes Media Group, which houses Arabic Medical Tourism e-Magazine healthandtour.com. The E-magazine “مجلة الصحة والسياحة” provides a wide scope of medical tourism information to healthcare travellers to find a safe, effective and cost-saving solution for their medical and healthcare needs. In addition to running E-Magazine, Dr. Mohammad Afzal also serves as Delhi-state coordinator in Foundation of Healthcare and Wellness Promotion focused on bringing India’s Healthcare closer to the world and smoothen world’s access to Indian Healthcare.

Frequently Asked Questions About Diabetes

Diabetes can’t be completely reversed, but lifestyle changes and weight loss can help control blood sugar control levels and cut the need for medication in people with type 2 diabetes.

The frequency of blood sugar level monitoring mainly depends on the type of diabetes, individual circumstances and treatment plan. It is usually suggested to monitor blood sugar levels regularly.

Some common signs of high blood sugar levels are increased thirst, frequent urination, unexplained weight loss, blurred vision, fatigue, and slow wound healing.

Yes, stress could affect blood sugar levels. Stress may induce release of stress hormones which can raise blood sugar levels. Effective stress management approaches such as mindfulness and relaxation exercises, are important for diabetes management.

No, however; you can control it. In case a person has prediabetes or was just diagnosed with type II, losing weight may put the condition into remission. Aging, weight regain, and natural progression of type two diabetes may bring it back.

Glucose level in fasting state should be between 70 and 100 mg/dL and two hours after a meal it should be less than 140 mg/dl.

You should avoid carbohydrate containing diet and must increase intake of fruits with less or no sugar contain, vegetables, fibers, and whole grains.

People with type 2 diabetes can manage their condition through lifestyle changes, including healthy diet and regular exercise. However, medication might be recommended for others, including people with type 1 diabetes.
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