Cardiac arrhythmias can be categorized in several ways. Arrhythmias that originate in the upper two heart chambers (an atrial arrhythmia) and those that do so in the ventricles are two categories that are frequently used to categorize them.
Atria-related arrhythmias include:
- Paroxysmal Supraventricular Tachycardia.
- Atrial Flutter.
- Atrial Fibrillation.
- Ectopic Atrial Tachycardia.
- The following are ventricular arrhythmias that can develop:
- Ventricular Tachycardia.
- Ventricular Fibrillation.
- Symptoms of Cardiac Arrhythmia
- A patient may typically have one or more of the following symptoms during an arrhythmia episode:
- Consciousness loss
- Chest pain
- Shortness of breath particularly in people with structural heart disease.
Whether you have a fast heartbeat (tachycardia) or a slow heartbeat (bradycardia) will determine how your cardiac arrhythmias are treated. Treatment is not necessary for all cardiac arrhythmias. Regular checks to keep an eye on your condition may be advised by your doctor.
Treatment for cardiac arrhythmias is often only necessary if the irregular heartbeat is producing noticeable symptoms or if the disease increases your chance of developing more severe heart issues.
For Heartbeat-Related Disorders: Antiarrhythmics are a common form of medication for conditions that affect the heartbeat. To help the heart recover a normal beat, antiarrhythmic medications delay the electrical impulses in the heart in a number of different ways.
For Structural Heart Disease: When structural heart disease advances to the level of heart failure, cardiac arrhythmia is nearly always the cause of death. In order to maintain cardiac electric stability in patients with structural heart disease, appropriate guideline-based medical therapy with medications is essential. Examples of this include the management of heart failure and the treatment of ischemia in coronary artery disease.
Automated External Defibrillator
It is a portable gadget that examines the heartbeat. To re-establish a regular beat, it has the ability to shock the heart if necessary. It is often utilized to treat abrupt cardiac arrest.
Calcium Channel Blockers
CCBs have proven to be efficient medications that reduce blood pressure and aid in the prevention and treatment of Angina symptoms (chest pain).
It is a method used to bring back a rapid or irregular heartbeat to a regular rhythm.
This is a safe medical treatment to treat some forms of arrhythmia and uses Radiofrequency (RF) radiation. Heart arrhythmias are often treated with interventional procedures like Radiofrequency Catheter Ablation, the implantation of devices like Permanent Pacemakers and ICDs (Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators), and sometimes require surgery. Many arrhythmias may be treated with radiofrequency ablation therapy, and for many of them, it is a cure (PSVT, WPW Syndrome Tachycardia, atrial flutter, atrial fibrillation, and certain ventricular tachycardia in a healthy heart). The success rates are quite high in these patients, and the recurrence rate is approximately 1% to 2%.
Insertion of a pacemaker
Brady arrhythmias are cardiac arrhythmias that cause the heart to beat extremely slowly. Even 50 beats per minute at rest for a particular person may be considered normal, especially for physically active people. Brady arrhythmias are a dangerous disorder that can induce unconsciousness and are brought on by an illness of the electrical conduction system. Implantable pacemakers are typically required as a therapy in such situations.