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What is Targeted Therapy
What is targeted therapy?
A form of cancer treatment known as targeted therapy goes after the proteins that regulate how cancer cells develop, divide, and distribute. It serves as the basis for precision medicine. Researchers are better equipped to develop cancer therapies that target these proteins as they gain knowledge about the DNA alterations and proteins that fuel cancer.
How does Targeted Therapy form
Best Hospitals for Targeted Therapy Treatment
Best Doctors for Targeted Therapy Treatment
My name Tabatha Haider from Iraq and I am 44 years old. When I was 18, I was addicted to drinking. For 5 years, I drank a lot and it results in liver cancer. I consult with my doctor in Turkey and they said I have cancerous cells inside my liver and they can spread from one body part to another. I started my treatment in Turkey but unfortunately, they weren’t able to cure my disease. I started searching for a good hospital in Turkey and even outside it. Eventually, I came to know there is a hospital in India name Medanta the Medicity through Marlin Medical Assistance. I went to India for my treatment.
I came to know the cancer institute at Medanta is a one-stop destination for solutions to all cancer patients. With high technologies like CyberKnife VSI robotic radiosurgery, ICRT, VMAT, Tomotherapy and other high-end equipment, this hospital is providing the best treatment to cancer patients. I lost all my hope before reaching Medanta but at Medanta I was treated very well. This hospital focuses on the patient first approach and for this, they formed a Disease Management Group to cancer care.
Following are the main Centers of Excellence
- Heart Institute
- Institute of Neurosciences
- Bone & Joint Institute
- Kidney & Urology Institute
- Cancer Institute
- Division of Medical Oncology and Hematology
This is true that after unsuccessful treatments from Turkey, Medanta gave me an almost second life and I will never forget the doctors, Marlin, their team, and their positive attitude towards every patient. When world-class healthcare meets world-class technology it comes up something unique. This is what this hospital is, delivering world-class health care in India at an affordable rate. My cancer is gone now completely and I am thankful to the entire Marlin and hospital team who helped me in this journey.
Targeted Therapy Treatment
What different forms of therapy are targeted?
Monoclonal antibodies or small-molecule medications make up the majority of targeted therapy.
Small-molecule medications are employed for targets inside of cells since they can easily enter cells due to their size.
Proteins made in laboratories are called monoclonal antibodies, sometimes referred to as therapeutic antibodies. These proteins have been created to bind to certain sites on cancer cells. Some monoclonal antibodies identify cancer cells so that the immune system can more easily identify and eliminate them. Other monoclonal antibodies directly inhibit the growth of cancer cells or trigger their destruction. Others still deliver poisons to cancer cells.
Who is given targeted therapy?
Most patients with specific cancers, such as chronic myelogenous leukemia (commonly known as CML), will have a target for a particular medicine, allowing them to be treated with that treatment. But the majority of the time, a test will be required to determine whether your tumor has targets that medicine is available for.
Biomarker testing involves examining your cancer to look for potential therapeutic targets.
For biomarker testing, a biopsy may be required. During a biopsy, your doctor takes a sample of the tumor for examination. A biopsy has certain potential dangers. Depending on the tumor's size and location, these risks change. The dangers of undergoing a biopsy for the tumor type you will have to discuss with your doctor.
To find out more about medications that could be a possibility for you, search for your specific cancer type on the list of targeted therapy pharmaceuticals licensed to treat that disease.
How does cancer-targeted therapy work?
Most kinds of targeted therapy work to cure cancer by preventing certain proteins from assisting tumors in growing and dispersing throughout the body. Contrast this with chemotherapy, which frequently kills all rapidly dividing cells. The many methods that targeted therapy cure cancer are described in the following paragraphs.
Aid the immune system in eliminating cancerous cells. The ability of cancer cells to evade your immune system is one factor contributing to their survival. In order to make it simpler for the immune system to locate and eliminate cancer cells, certain targeted therapies can identify cancer cells. Other targeted therapies give your immune system a boost so that it can fight cancer more effectively.
Cancer cells can be prevented from spreading by blocking the signals that allow cancer to grow and expand out of control. Your body's healthy cells typically only divide to create new cells in response to strong signals. The cells are instructed to divide by these signals, which attach to proteins on the cell surface. When your body needs new cells, this procedure aids in their formation. However, some cancer cells contain changes to the proteins on their surface that instruct them to divide regardless of the presence of signals. By interfering with these proteins, certain targeted medicines stop the cells from receiving the signal to divide. The uncontrolled development of cancer is slowed by this procedure.
Stop signs that support blood vessel development. Tumors must undergo the angiogenesis process in order to grow over a certain size. Angiogenesis is triggered by signals the tumor sends. Angiogenesis inhibitors are some targeted medicines that block these signals to stop the formation of a blood supply. Tumors remain tiny without a blood supply. However, if a tumor already has a blood supply, these therapies may cause the tumor to contract by killing the blood vessels that supply it.
Deliver cell-killing chemicals that destroy cancer cells. Certain monoclonal antibodies are mixed with agents that may destroy cells, such as poisons, chemotherapeutic medications, or radiation. These monoclonal antibodies bind to specific locations on the surface of cancer cells, whereupon the cells absorb the cell-killing agents and perish. Without the target, cells won't suffer any damage.
Kill cancerous cells. When damaged or no longer required, healthy cells pass away in a controlled manner. However, cancer cells are capable of escaping this process of death. Apoptosis, a process of cell death that causes cancer cells to die, can be induced by some targeted medicines.
Starve the cancer of the hormones it requires to thrive. Some prostate and breast cancers need specific hormones to develop. One sort of targeted therapy that has two possible outcomes is hormone therapy. Certain hormone treatments stop your body from producing certain hormones. Cancer cells are among those that stop the hormones from working on your cells.