WEIGHT LOSS SURGERY, BARIATRIC SURGERY, Sleeve Gastrectomy, and Gastric Bypass
WEIGHT LOSS SURGERY, BARIATRIC SURGERY, Sleeve Gastrectomy, and Gastric Bypass.
Obesity is not only about being heavy. With a huge amount of gain in weight loss obesity also brings with it. All types of other medical conditions whether it be related to various organs of the body. The psychological disorder of that person gradually decreases the life span. BUT surgical procedures have proven successful, vastly eliminating obesity along with its complications.
Bariatric surgical procedures cause weight loss by limiting the amount of food reaching the stomach resulting in lesser calorie intake and ultimately reduction in body weight. This technique is applied when other weight loss methods have failed to give stipulated results.
These procedures not only help in the reduction of body weight but reduce the appetite of the person. Therefore, the patient feels full even after consuming fewer meals.
These surgeries work in two ways:
By inhibiting the amount of food reaching the stomach by creating physical barriers.
Removing part of the stomach and shortening the path reach, causing malabsorption of nutrients by using minimally invasive techniques.
Sleeve Gastrectomy and Gastric Bypass (R N Y):
Sleeve Gastrectomy and Gastric Bypass both surgeries involve the minimally invasive technique of removing a portion of the stomach in the earlier case by cutting a small portion of the stomach and connecting it to the small intestine. Studies show that these two procedures have given long-term relief and 50% to 60% loss of weight; also giving a lot of advantages and recovery from other diseases namely diabetes, efficient cardiovascular conditions, and reduction in mortality from almost 40% to 23%.
Lap Band Surgery (LPBG):
A laparoscopic adjustable gastric band commonly known as a lap band, A-band, or LAGB is an inflatable silicone device placed around the top portion of the stomach to treat obesity, in order to reduce the calorie intake of the body.
Gastric banding is a laparoscopic surgical procedure that requires only a few keyholes to be made into the stomach resulting in lesser pain, few scars, faster recovery, and shorter stay at the hospital. It is completely a reversible process with a keyhole operation.
Biliopancreatic Diversion with Duodenal switch (BPD/DS) Gastric Bypass:
The Biliopancreatic Diversion with duodenal abbreviated as BPD/DS is a surgical procedure with two steps. Firstly a tubular section of the stomach is created by removing a significant portion of the stomach, which is very similar to sleeve gastrectomy. Next, a large portion of the small intestine is bypassed.
In this way, both food intake, as well as calorie and nutrient intake of the body, are restricted resulting in a significant amount of weight loss.
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