CABG (Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting)

CABG (Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting)

Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting which is popularly known as CABG is one of the most common and popular medical surgeries which are useful in treating severe cases of coronary artery blockage. CABG is also known as Bypass Surgery, Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery, as well as Heart Bypass Surgery. If your doctor has advised you to undergo Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG), then you need to know about certain aspects of this medical procedure before proceeding with the same. Here are several details of this medical procedure.

Preparation for CABG:

One of the first steps that need to be performed before the commencement of the procedures is basic-to-advanced medical tests. Some of the most common tests which are performed for CABG include the following:

Electrocardiogram (EKG): EKG is a prime medical test that is recommended for patients who have heart problems. With the help of this test, the source of the blockage in the heart is recognized. It determines the character of heart rate frequency.

Electrocardiography: Here, echo waves are used to visualize the size of the heart. The functioning of the heart chamber is observed and studied with the assistance of electrocardiography.

Coronary Angiography: In coronary angiography, special dyes are efficiently utilized. Once the dyes enter the arteries, x-rays are used to find the blood flow rate via the heart of the patient.

Stress Test: The individual is asked to exercise fast, and during this duration, a few heart tests are done to find out if any problem with the heart exists in the patient.

Types of CABG:

Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting is divided into 3 types:

  1. Traditional CABG
  2. Off-Pump CABG
  3. Minimally Invasive CABG of the Direct Type

Patient's Recovery:

After the completion of the CABG procedure, the patient is kept in the ICU under observation for at least 1-2 days. Then, for around 3 to 5 days, the patient is kept in the hospital until their condition gets stable. Following this, the patient is discharged home.

Thus, after the Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting procedure, the patient needs to prioritize proper care of himself to recover at a speedy pace and get back to a healthy lifestyle.

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