Medical Oncology and Hematology

Medical Oncology and Hematology

Medical Oncology

A medical oncologist is specialized in using medicines such as chemotherapy, hormones and analgesics in managing cancer. The role of a medical oncologist is more than just prescribing medicines to treat cancer. They care for the patient from the time he is diagnosed throughout the course of the disease and survivorship by:

  • First they educate the patient about the form of cancer which they have and the stages of its development.
  • Then they discuss the treatment options and make recommendations to the patient.
  • Then they monitor the care and the treatment of the patient throughout the course of the disease.
  • They work with the patient in order to improve the quality of life through healing and will also help them in pain management.

The medical oncologist treats people with cancer by using medicines. A multidisciplinary team provides medical oncology services. The team consists of medical oncologists, nurses, physicians, clinical pharmacists and pastoral care professionals. The team will provide care in all the stages of cancer including supportive care whenever needed. The department will specialize in the treatment of cancer with other biological therapies and chemotherapy. 

Communication between the team members will allow the staff to help family members and the patients to understand the treatment and finish the course of the therapy. The staff will encourage the patient and the family members to participate in their care through patient education.


Hematology is the study and treatment of diseases associated with blood cells and blood forming organs. Hematologists are doctors who deal with treatment for blood diseases. The first curable cancer, leukemia, and lymphoma in the 1950s were blood disorders which were treated by chemotherapy, and because of this, oncology and hematology are closely related. 

Hematologists study oncology as well. In some institutions, hematologists also manage the laboratory. Physicians who work in the hematology laboratory and manage them are pathologists. They are specialized in the diagnosis of hematological diseases. Hematologists work in order to find diagnosis and deliver the most suitable therapy if needed. Hematologists may specialize in:

  • Treating bleeding disorders such as idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura or hemophilia.
  • Treating leukemia and lymphoma
  • Treating hemoglobinopathies
  • In knowing more about blood transfusion and the work of blood bank
  • Dealing with bone marrow and stem cell transplantation.

In a clinical laboratory, the hematology department performs several different tests on blood. The commonly performed test is the complete blood count which is also called as full blood count. Some of the hematologists may work at the hematology laboratory viewing bone marry slides and blood films under the microscope. Or they may be looking at various hematological test results. If you want to undergo this treatment it is important that you gather a lot of information about it from your doctor. You should also speak to patients who have undergone this treatment, and ask them about their cure as well as any side effects.

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