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LIVER TRANSPLANT – FACTS

November 14, 2019

liver-transplant

A liver transplant, also called a hepatic transplant, is a surgical process to replace an unhealthy liver. A liver that no longer functions
properly is replaced with a whole or partial healthy liver. The donor
liver either comes from a deceased or live donor.Having a healthy liver is essential to survival because your liver is
responsible for purification of blood and extraction of toxins from
your body. Liver transplant is a last-step measure for chronic (long-term) liver diseases and severe acute (sudden onset) liver deformity.

Several people who have undergone liver transplant go on lead
perfectly normal lives. The liver transplant survivor rate is also
extravagant.
Signs and symptoms of diseased liver
Gastrointestinal bleeding:
As the liver becomes more defiled, the resistance to portal blood flow
increases leading to increased pressure in the portal venous system.
This portal hypertension allows alternative routes for blood to get
back to the heart. These fragile veins, called varices, often line
portions of the gastrointestinal tract, especially the esophagus and the
stomach, and are susceptible to crack and bleed. When bleeding
occurs into the intestinal tract, it can be life-warning.
Fluid retention:
One function of the liver is to amalgamate many of the proteins
flowing in the bloodstream, including albumin. Albumin and other
proteins in the blood stream sustain fluid in the vascular space by
applying what is known as an oncotic (or osmotic) pressure. In liver
failure, low albumin levels push fluid out of the bloodstream, which
cannot be assimilated. Fluid thereafter accumulates in tissues and

body cavities, most specifically, in the abdominal area, which is
known as “ascites.” Fluid can also accumulate in the legs (peripheral
or pedal edema), or in the chest cavity (hydrothorax). Fluid retentivity
is cured first by complete limitation of dietary salt intake, secondly
with medications (diuretics) that allows increased salt and water loss
through the kidneys and, finally, by spasmodic drainage through
insertion of a needle into the abdominal or chest cavity.
Encephalopathy:
Inability of the liver to remove ammonia and other toxins from the
blood allows these substances to pile up. These toxins result in
cognitive impairment that carries from disturbed sleep-wake cycle
patterns to mild confusion to coma.
Jaundice:
One of the main functions of the liver is to remove the degraded
products of hemoglobin, the molecule that carries oxygen in our
blood. Bilirubin is one of those degradation products managed and
expelled by the liver. In liver failure, bilirubin is not removed from
the body and bilirubin amount increases in the blood. The skin and
whole tissues of the body will then acquire yellow color.

Liver transplant survival rate:
According to a study people who undergo a liver transplant have an
89% percent chance of living until one year. The five-year survival
duration statistic rate is 75%. Sometimes the newly planted liver may
fail and the original disease can also return.
It’s important that your doctor scans your healing regularly long after
the transplant to detect any complications. You’ll likely need regular

blood tests. According to John Hopkins, you’ll also be required to
take anti-rejection drug for the rest of your life.

Recovering from a liver transplant:
According to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and
Kidney Diseases a three-week hospital stay is necessary after a
transplant. During this time, your doctor will estimate the success of
your surgery and determine your requirement for home care.
It may take up to one year until you feel healthier. Let your doctor
know what your mental and emotional health needs are before you’re
discharged.

Tips of a Healthy Liver
After the liver transplant, the doctor will recommend lifestyle
changes, including regular work out a healthy & pure diet. You can
include habits like these at any stage to boost your strength and
overall health. Being physically and mentally aesthetic may lessen
your chances for transplant rejection.
You can also reduce risk element that play a part to liver disease.
Among which the most common are:
 alcohol abuse
 smoking
 acetaminophen overdose
 Weight gain
 High cholesterol

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